Charles Darwin

Born in Shrewsbury, England in 1809, Charles Darwin studied at Edinburgh University and Christ’s College, Cambridge, before embarking at the age of twenty-two on a five-year journey to South America, the Galapagos Islands and beyond, aboard the HMS Beagle
Charles Darwin
Sales price $6.00
Description

Born in Shrewsbury, England in 1809, Charles Darwin studied at Edinburgh University and Christ’s College, Cambridge, before embarking at the age of twenty-two on a five-year journey to South America, the Galapagos Islands and beyond, aboard the HMS Beagle.

At this time, most Europeans believed that the world was created by God in seven days as described in the Bible. On the voyage Darwin read Lyell’s “Principles of Geology” which suggested that the fossils found in rocks were actually evidence of animals that had lived thousands or even millions of years ago. The animal life and geological features that he saw on the voyage reinforced Lyell’s argument and Darwin linked the fossils to modern species.

Upon his return to England, Darwin conducted thorough research of his notes and specimens and out of this long study grew several related theories:

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  • Evolution did occur.
  • Evolutionary change was gradual, requiring millions of years.
  • The primary mechanism for evolution was a process called natural selection.
  • The millions of species alive today arose from a single original life form evolving through a branching process called ‘speciation’.

Darwin’s theory of evolutionary selection holds that variation within species occurs randomly and that the survival or extinction of each organism is determined by that organism’s ability to adapt to its environment. This theory of evolution by natural selection underlies all modern biology. At times controversial, the theory remains unchallenged as the central concept of biology and it profoundly altered our view of the natural world and our place in it.

2009 is both the 200th Anniversary or bicentenary of the birth of the greatest naturalist in history, Charles Robert Darwin, and the 150th Anniversary of the publication of his most famous work “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection”. Darwin’s work in the Galapagos Islands and Pacific Ocean is of great relevance to Vanuatu as it is internationally and Vanuatu Post recognises the significance of his enormous contribution to mankind.


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Denominations
200 vatu x 2
Designer
Denise Simmonds, Tauranga, New Zealand
Paper
104gsm Tullis Russel Non-phosphor gummed stamp paper
Perforation Gauge
13.33 X 2
Period of Sale
23 September 2009 for a period of 2 years
Printer
Southern Colour Print, Dunedin, New Zealand
Process
Offset lithography
Stamp Size
40mm x 30mm vertical
Charles Darwin
Mint Strip
FDC Set

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